Notice - this List is commonly known in English as the Sumerian King List,
but we must bear in mind that then the king title was not yet in use.
5 October 539 BC - entry of Cyrus the Great to Babylon through Gate of Ishtar.
(Cyrus=Tyrus, lit. 'Tsar', 'The Emperor', the title of leaders of the 'tyranny', a political system known in Sumer
as functioning in the 'Land of Dilmun' to the East of the Persian Gulf. 'DIL' is the root of later 'TIR' and derivatives)
ON THE SUMERIAN KING LIST
THE KING LIST'S BACKGROUND
GUIDE TO SUMERIAN
MORE ABOUT THE
SUMERIAN KING LIST
ABOUT THE SUMERIAN KING LIST
The Sumerian King List is an ancient text in the Sumerian language listing kings of Sumer from Sumerian and foreign dynasties.
The later Babylonian King List and Assyrian King List were similar.
The List is known from the following sources: Apkullu-list (W.20030,7), Babyloniaca (Berossus), Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18) including copies, K 11261+& K 12054, Kish Tablet (Scheil dynastic tablet), UCBC 9-1819 ("California Tablet"), WB 62, WB 444 (Weld-Blundell Prism) 
The List records the location of the official Empire and the Rulers, with the lengths of their rule. While there are obvious doubts about the List's chronology, the undeniable and most important message of this document is confirmation that the planet Earth's rulers came from the outer space, physically arriving in a flying vehicle from our dimension, or using technology to interdimensional travel, of which Theory informs. The motive is present in all literature of the ancient Levant, and has influenced strongly its culture, however, till this day it has not been appreciated by modern science.
The List uses the term 'Empire' to describe the political system over humanity, and that it was believed to be handed down by the "gods", so nicknamed because of their extraterrestial origin and personality features, who apparently have been one family, still competing for positions of power over an uneducated human mob. It is clear from the List's narrative that humans have merely been an instrument in hands of their rulers of the extraterrestrial origin, who passed powers of the rule from one center to another mostly by military conquest. Because of a relatively low level of the civilisation's organisation, the main force driving the politics was the politics of force, which was typical of youthful and inexperienced males in position of power. It is not surprising then that the List mentions only one female ruler: Kug-Baba, the Tavern-Keeper, who alone accounts for the third dynasty of Kish.
The List peculiarly blends from antediluvian, mythological kings with exceptionally long reigns, into more plausibly historical dynasties. It cannot be ruled out that most of the earliest names in the List correspond to historical rulers who later became legendary figures. The first name on the list whose existence has been authenticated through recent archaeological discoveries, is that of Enmebaragesi of Kish, whose name is also mentioned in the Gilgamesh epics. This has led some to suggest that Gilgamesh himself was a historical king of Uruk, who ruled sometime around 2600 BC in the First Dynasty of Uruk. Additionally, Dumuzi is one of the spellings of the name of the god of nature, Tammuz, whose usual epithet was the fisherman or the shepherd. Conspicuously absent from this list are the priest-rulers of Lagash, who are known directly from inscriptions from ca. the 25th century BC. Another early ruler in the list who is clearly historical is Lugal-Zage-Si of Uruk of the 23rd century BC, who conquered Lagash, and who was in turn conquered by Sargon of Akkad.
The List is central, for lack of a more explicit and accurate source, to the chronology of the 3rd millennium BC. However, the presence in the list of dynasties which plausibly reigned simultaneously, but in different cities, makes it impossible to trust the addition of the figures to produce a strict chronology. Taking this into account, many regnal dates have been revised in recent years. Because of flaws in historical science, such as verified by TIIT Technology Institute, recreating the proper chronology of the List will have to wait for the full desinfomination of the historical information sources and development of the new methodology of research.
Some of the earliest known inscriptions containing the List date from the early 3rd millennium BC; for example, the Weld-Blundell Prism is dated to 2170 BC. The later Babylonian and Assyrian king lists that were based on it still preserved the earliest portions of the List well into the 3rd century BC, when Berossus popularised the list in the Hellenic world. Over the large period of time involved, the names inevitably became corrupted, and Berossus' Greek version of the list, ironically one of the earliest to be known to modern academics, exhibits particularly odd transcriptions of the names.
THE HUMANITY'S ORIGIN AND THE GEEs
Notice: the animation above is currently being desinfominated, courtesy to TIIT Technology Institute Pty. Ltd.
EARLY DYNASTIC I
The wording in the List testifies to the fact that the Sumerians had knowledge about global climate changes known to mankind as so called "ends of the world", recognised by modern science as so called Global Effects Electric, GEE. The list starts from antediluvian rulers, and the Deluge is a typical symptom of watery GEEs, which occur cyclically on planets and therefore, are a decisive factor of every human civilisation's life or death. Last GEE took place on Earth in 2,348 BC and after that date we have a development of our civilisation undisturbed by natural factors.
The reign of humankind rulers in the earliest period, just after landing, is measured in SARs - 3600 year unit periods, in Sumerian counting systems, where to our 10, 100, 1000, and 10,000 equivalents are respectively 12, 60, 600 and 3600. 600 years was called the NER, Watery, and 3600 years was SAR, the Heat, and the TIIT Institute came to the conclusion that these numbers should be understood as rounded to hundreds of years, a symbolic measure of periods between GEEs, where NER represents the symbolic time between watery climate changes and SAR between the GEEs, that is, climate changes with a high intensity of electrical discharges, volcanic activity and other effects caused by global changes of the Earth's EM Field. TIIT has determined that the average frequency of all these types of space storms in the last 30,000 years as shown in the chart below corresponds exactly to the SAR unit, as the Sumerians were informed by their knowledgable rulers, who came from Outer Space, known as The Heavenly Ones, or in Their speach Palyaki.
Data taken from 2 km Antarctic ice layer
Ice core thickness (metres)
0 500 1000 1500 2000
GIANT NIGHT (90 years)
the most recent of global extictions of fauna and flora
(series of cataclysmic GEEs ending ca. 13500 years ago)
ca. 4500 years ago - Biblical 'Flood'
. GEEGEEGEE GEE GEE GEE GEE GEE GEE GEE
GEEGEEGEEGEEGEEGEE GEEGEEGEEGEEGEE GEE GEEGEE GEE GEEGEE
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140
Years before present (x1000)
At the end of the day, the chronology is not the most important thing here. It is vital to remember the origins of our kind on this planet, to which all other ancient messages point as well, that the rulers of mankind governed us since the dawn of time, regardless of the distance
on the time scale from now. We must learn to consider all our history bearing in mind this fact, and
then our analysis of ancient times will move to the next level
and become closer to the Truth,
"After the Empire descended from Heaven,
the Empire was in Eridu. In Eridu, Al became King; He ruled for 8 SARs."
(one SAR=3600 years, quote from Sumerian cuneiform clay tablets)
aka ALU, YAL, GAL, AR, YAR, 'L, 'R, IL, IR, EL, ER, HERR, YEL, LYEL, OL, UR, RU, RA, etc., synonym of 'Lord'
landed in Eridu
8 sars=28,800 yrs
10 SARs=36,000 yrs
En-Men-Ana (aka Kichu-Ana) 1
12 SARs=43,200 yrs
8 SARs=28,800 yrs
10 SARs=36,000 yrs
8 SARs=28,800 yrs
5 SARs & 5 NERs=21,000 yrs
5 SARs & 1 NER=18,600 yrs
"the Flood swept over"
EARLY DYNASTIC II
Many rulers known from contemporary inscriptions are not found in the List, ie. priest's dynasties of Lagash, ca. 26th century BC.
"After the Flood had swept over, and the Empire had descended from Heaven, the Empire was in Kish, aka Kush."
At this point TIIT Institute's discovery of importance is that the period between the early dynasties overlap with the frequency of GEEs, and that it is them, and not some "lust for military conquests" suggested by historians, which are the direct cause of changes in dynasties' leadership and ruling centers. The rhythm of dynastic change was fixed - for the duration of the GEE leaders evacuated beyond the Earth, to join the work of rebuilding the destroyed civilisation after returning. This view is fully confirmed by many observations around the globe, including obsession of building pyramids, also as protection against floods for the rulers, and thousands of human sacrifices to pardon the Supreme One, Who was believed to have "sent down the end times as punishment for the alleged human kind's insubordination." Of course, this only proves that familiarity with PRAVDA about the physics of the world among the Palyaki's descendants was rudimentary, because access to IT was defended by the caste system, whose first task was to control the spread of PRAVDA among the crowd of mortals.
|First Dynasty of Kish, aka Kush|
Jushur of Kish: 1200 years
Kullassina-bel of Kish: 960 years
Nangishlishma of Kish: 670 years
En-Tarah-Ana of Kish: 420 years
Babum of Kish: 300 years
Puannum of Kish: 840 years
Kalibum of Kish: 960 years
Kalumum of Kish: 840 years
Zuqaqip of Kish: 900 years
Atab of Kish: 600 years
Mashda of Kish: 840 years
Arwium of Kish: 720 years
Etana of Kish, the shepherd, who ascended to heaven and consolidated all the foreign countries: 1500 years
Balih of Kish: 400 years
En-Me-Nuna of Kish: 660 years
Melem-Kish of Kish: 900 years
Barsal-Nuna of Kish: 1200 years
Zamug of Kish: 140 years
Tizqar of Kish: 305 years
Ilku of Kish: 900 years
Iltasadum of Kish: 1200 years
En-Men-Barage-Si of Kish, who conquered Elam: 900 years
(this is the earliest ruler in the list who is confirmed independently from epigraphical evidence)
Aga of Kish: 625 years
Then Kish fell and the Empire was taken to E-ana
|First Dynasty of Uruk, aka E-ana, aka Unug|
Mesh-Ki-Ang-Gasher of E-ana, son of Utu: 324 years. Mesh-Ki-Ang-Gasher went into the Sea and disappeared.
Enmerkar, who built Unug: 420 years
Lugalbanda of Unug, the shepherd: 1200 years
Dumuzid of Unug, the fisherman: 100 years. Captured En-Men-Barage-Si of Kish.
Gilgamesh, whose father was a "phantom", lord of Kulaba: 126 years.
Ur-Nungal of Unug: 30 years
Udul-Kalama of Unug: 15 years
La-Ba'shum of Unug: 9 years
En-Nun-Tarah-Ana of Unug: 8 years
Mesh-He of Unug: 36 years
Melem-Ana of Unug: 6 years
Lugal-Kitun of Unug: 36 years
Then Uruk fell and the Empire was taken to Urim.
|First Dynasty of Urca, aka Ur, aka Urim|
25th century BC
Mesh-Ane-Pada of Urim: 80 years
Mesh-Ki-Ang-Nanna of Urim: 36 years
Elulu of Urim: 25 years
Balulu of Urim: 36 years
Then Urim fell and the Empire was taken to Awan.
EARLY DYNASTIC III
Three kings of Awan, ruling for a total of 356 years. Then Awan fell and the Empire was taken to Kish
|Second Dynasty of Kish, aka Kush|
Susuda of Kish: 201 years
Dadasig of Kish: 81 years
Mamagal of Kish, the boatman: 360 years
Kalbum of Kish: 195 years
Tuge of Kish: 360 years
Men-Nuna of Kish: 180 years
Enbi-Ishtar of Kish: 290 years
Lugalngu of Kish: 360 years Then Kish fell and the Empire was taken to Hamazi.
Hadanish of Hamazi: 360 years Then Hamazi fell and the Empire was taken to Unug.
|Second Dynasty of Uruk, aka E-ana, aka Unug|
En-Shakansha-Ana of Unug: 60 years
Lugal-Ure (or Lugal-Kinishe-Dudu) of Unug: 120 years
Argandea of Unug: 7 years Then Unug fell and the Empire was taken to Urim.
|Second Dynasty of Ur, aka Urca, aka Urim|
Nani of Urim: 120 years
Mesh-Ki-Ang-Nanna of Urim: 48 years
? of Urim: 2 years Then Urim fell and the Empire was taken to Adab.
Lugal-Anne-Mundu of Adab: 90 years Then Adab fell and the Empire was taken to Mari.
Anbu of Mari: 30 years
Anba of Mari: 17 years
Bazi of Mari: 30 years
Zizi of Mari: 20 years
Limer of Mari, the gudu priest: 30 years
Sharrum-Iter of Mari: 9 years Then Mari fell and the Empire was taken to Kish.
|Third Dynasty of Kish, aka Kush|
Kug-Baba of Kish, the woman tavern-keeper, who made the firm foundations of Kish: 100 years (the only woman in the King Lists)
Then Kish fell and the Empire was taken to Akshak.
Unzi of Akshak: 30 years
Undalulu of Akshak: 6 years
Urur of Akshak: 6 years
Puzur-Nirah of Akshak: 20 years
Ishu-Il of Akshak: 24 years
Shu-Sin of Akshak: 7 years
Then Akshak fell and the Empire was taken to Kish.
|Fourth Dynasty of Kish, vel Kush|
Puzur-Sin of Kish: 25 years
Ur-Zababa of Kish: 400 (6?) years
Zimudar of Kish: 30 years
Ussi-Watar of Kish: 7 years
Eshtar-Muti of Kish: 11 years
Ishme-Shamash of Kish: 11 years
Shu-Ilishu of Kish: 15 years
Nanniya of Kish, the jeweller: 7 years. Then Kish fell and the Empire was taken to Unug.
|Third Dynasty of Uruk, aka E-ana, aka Unug|
Lugal-Zage-Si of Unug: 25 years: (2259 BC–2235 BC short chronology) defeated Lagash.
Sargon, whose father was a gardener, the cupbearer of Ur-Zababa, the king (first emperor) of Agade, who built Agade: 40 years: (ca. 2235 BC short chronology)
Rimush, younger son of Sargon: 9 years
Man-Ishtishu, older son of Sargon: 15 years
Naram-Sin, son of Man-Ishtishu: 56 years
Shar-Kali-Sharri, son of Naram-Sin: 25 years
Irgigi, Imi, Nanum, Ilulu: four of them ruled for only 3 years
Dudu: 21 years
Shu-Durul, son of Dudu: 15 years
Then Agade fell and the Empire was taken to Unug.
(Possibly rulers of lower Mesopotamia contemporary with the dynasty of Akkad)
|Fourth Dynasty of Uruk, aka E-ana, aka Unug|
Ur-Ningin of Unug: 7 years
Ur-Gigir of Unug: 6 years
Kuda of Unug: 6 years
Puzur-Ili of Unug: 5 years
Ur-Utu (or Lugal-Melem) of Unug: 25 years
Then Unug fell and the Empire was taken to the army of Gutium.
Gutian period - in the army of Gutium, at first no king was famous; they were their own kings and ruled thus for 3 years
Inkishush of Gutium: 6 years
Zarlagab of Gutium: 6 years
Shulme (or Yarlagash) of Gutium: 6 years
Silulumesh (or Silulu) of Gutium: 6 years
Inimabakesh (or Duga) of Gutium: 5 years
Igeshaush (or Ilu-An) of Gutium: 6 years
Yarlagab of Gutium: 3 years
Ibate of Gutium: 3 years
Yarla of Gutium: 3 years
Kurum of Gutium: 1 year
Apil-Kin of Gutium: 3 years
La-Erabum of Gutium: 2 years
Irarum of Gutium: 2 years
Ibranum of Gutium: 1 year
Hablum of Gutium: 2 years
Puzur-Sin of Gutium: 7 years
Yarlaganda of Gutium: 7 years
? of Gutium: 7 years
Tiriga of Gutium: 40 days
Utu-hegal of Unug: conflicting dates (427 years / 26 years / 7 years) : drives out the Gutians
|Third Dynasty of Ur, aka Urca, aka Urim, "Sumerian Renaissance" |
Ur-Nammu of Urim: 18 years: ruled ca. 2065 BC–2047 BC short chronology.
Shulgi: 46 years: ruled ca. 2047 BC–1999 BC short chronology.
Amar-Sina of Urim: 9 years
Shu-Sin of Urim: 9 years
Ibbi-Sin of Urim: 24 years
Then Urim was defeated. The very foundation of Sumer was torn out (?). The Empire was taken to Isin.
Independent Amorite states in lower Mesopotamia. The Dynasty ends at ca. 1730 BC short chronology.
Ishbi-Erra of Isin: 33 years
Shu-Ilishu of Isin: 20 years
Iddin-Dagan of Isin: 20 years
Ishme-Dagan of Isin: 20 years
Lipit-Eshtar of Isin 11 years
Ur-Ninurta of Isin (the son of Ishkur, may he have years of abundance, a good reign, and a sweet life): 28 years
Bur-Sin of Isin: 5 years
Lipit-Enlil of Isin: 5 years
Erra-Imitti of Isin: 8 years
Enlil-Bani of Isin: 24 years (the king's gardener, to celebrate the New Year was named 'king for a day' then sacrificed, the king died during the celebration. Enlil-Bani remained on the throne.)
Zambiya of Isin: 3 years
Iter-Pisha of Isin: 4 years
Ur-Dul-Kuga of Isin: 4 years
Suen-magir of Isin: 11 years
Damiq-Ilicu of Isin: 23 years
There are 11 cities in which the Empire was exercised.
A total of 134 kings, who altogether ruled for 28,876 + 241,200, or
270,076 years of our history
External links and references
A GUIDE HOW TO INTERPRET THE NAMES AND TERMS IN THE SUMERIAN KING LIST
Google also on your own
History of Sumer
Kings of Assyria
Chronology of the Ancient Orient External links and references
List of a wide selection of variant copies of the antediluvian part of the list
The Sumerian King List: translation, as of July 28, 2002
Vincente, Claudine-Adrienne, "The Tall Leilan Recension of the Sumerian King List", Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 50 (1995), 234–270
Black, J.A., Cunningham, G., Fluckiger-Hawker, E, Robson, E., and Zólyomi, G., The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (http://www-etcsl.orient.ox.ac.uk/), Oxford 1998.
The Sumerians and the Akkadians from The Encyclopedia of World History Sixth Edition, Peter N. Stearns (general editor), 2001 The Houghton Mifflin Company, at Bartleby.com.
Mesopotamia was a cradle of civilisation geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq.
The Tigris is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from Ur, or ur may refer to:
Ur, an ancient city in southern Mesopotamia and Hayy Ur, a neighborhood of eastern Baghdad, Iraq
(Biblical Hebrew: ....).
Click the link for more information.
Ancient Mesopotamia State Party Iraq Type Cultural Criteria iii, iv Reference 1130 RegionArab States Inscription History Inscription 2003 (27th Session)Dur-Sharrukin ("Fortress of Sargon"), present day Khorsabad, was the Assyrian capital in the time of Sargon II of Assyria. Khorsabad is a village in northern Iraq, 15 km northeast of Mosul, which is still today inhabited by Assyrians.
Zayandeh River Civilisation, Sialk civilisation 7500–1000, Jiroft civilisation (Aratta), Proto-Elamite civilisation Bactria-Margiana Complex Elamite dynasties 2800–550 Kingdom of Mannai Median Empire 728–550 Achaemenid Empire Seleucid Empire Greco-Bactrian.....
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References in periodicals archive
In the ancient Sumerian King List there are a number of heroes who lived before the last Flood, the GEE, who lived for thousands of years, and who functioned as rulers over the ante-diluvian humanity. More results Wikipedia browser.
Sumerian King List
Sumerpur, Uttar Pradesh
Sumerduck, VA Sumerduck,
Sumerian (non-Indo-European; linguistics)
Sumerian and Babylonian art
Sumerian Early Dynastic period
Sumerian King List
Sumerian King List
Sumerian Kings List
Sumerian nether world
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